First published, November 1904. New Impression, December 1904, April 1908. Popular Edition, July 1910; New Impressions, March 1912, September 1912, November 1913. The exonerated is a play about the real life stories of people wrongly accused of murder and put on death row in the United States of America. A story of six average Americans is told simultaneously, interwoven so the audience can see the similarity of all the exonerated victims, revealing a very disturbing pattern within our judicial system. Damon Gameau is an Australian television and film actor who is the director of, and lead role in, That Sugar Film. Gameau also appeared in the Australian series Love My Way, the 2002 Australian film The Tracker, and in a small role in the US series How I Met Your Mother. Man of La Mancha Script - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free.
The term “exonerated” is used to describe a person who has been convicted of a crime, only to be declared innocent after the fact. When someone is exonerated, this makes for an especially difficult situation if the person has spent many years in prison, or who has already been executed as the result of his sentence. In its simplest terms, when someone is exonerated, this means that he has been found innocent of liability. To explore this concept, consider the following exonerated definition.
Definition of Exonerated
- To be fully cleared of a prior accusation; to be found innocent of a crime after having already been found guilty of it.
1515-1525 Late Middle English
What Does It Mean to Be Exonerated?
If someone is exonerated, this means that he has been found innocent of a crime for which he had previously been found guilty. For example, exonerated defendants are those that never should have been found guilty of the crimes they were charged with. Unfortunately, some people are exonerated long after they have already been convicted, given the death sentence, and executed. This is because evidence may sometimes present itself years later that wasn’t there before that ends up clearing the person’s name.
An exoneration is a public declaration that this person is innocent of the crime with which he was charged. It works as an apology for the conviction, as well as a public acknowledgment that he never should have been convicted in the first place. As technology improves, and as investigations become more sophisticated, formerly closed cases can be re-opened and re-investigated, and the number of exonerations increases.
Death Row Exoneration
Back in October 2015, the Death Penalty Information Center reported that, in the U.S., there have been 156 exonerations of those who were sentenced to the death penalty since 1973. Looking down the list, there have been more death row exonerations in 2014 and 2015 than any other year, with 2009 coming the closest. Presumably, this is because of the improved methods of investigation that have uncovered the evidence necessary to clear their names.
Reading the conditions that lead to some of these death row exonerations is chilling. For instance, in 1989 Joseph Burrows, convicted in the state of Illinois, was released after his lawyer got the real killer to confess to the crime during the post-conviction hearing. (A post-conviction hearing is held after the trial that convicted the defendant so as to determine his sentence.)
Another example of an exonerated defendant was that of the case involving Darby J. Tillis, also in Illinois. Tillis, an African-American, was convicted of first-degree murder in October 1979, along with his co-defendant Perry Cobb, by an all-white jury. The Illinois Supreme Court later discovered that the key witness during the trial, Phyllis Santini, was actually an accomplice of the real killer. On top of that, the trial judge was found guilty of accepting bribes. Tillis and Cobb were thereafter exonerated.
The Exoneration Initiative
The Exoneration Initiative is a non-profit organization that offers free legal aid to those who have been wrongly convicted of a crime in the state of New York. This organization takes on what are perhaps the most difficult cases to prove: those without DNA evidence.
One such case involved John Burr, a client who was framed for murder by what turned out to be a corrupt Brooklyn detective back when he was only 14 years old. In 2016, Burr was exonerated after a hearing into the matter, which uncovered two important pieces of information:
- That NYPD detective Louis Scarcella was guilty of misconduct; and
- That there never even existed probably cause to arrest Burr in the first place.
By this point, Burr had already served 17 years in prison and had spent nearly 30 years trying to prove his innocence.
The Exoneration Initiative notes on its website that there are less than 10 percent of cases that have DNA evidence available for testing purposes. This organization focuses on the other 90 percent. Because it is a non-profit organization, the Exoneration Initiative relies on donations and grants to help its clients. The group also encourages the sharing of its message on social media and offers ideas for sponsorship for those who want to join them in the fight for justice.
The Innocence Project
The Innocence Project was founded in 1992, and it is similar to the Exoneration Initiative in that it works to clear the names of those who have been wrongfully convicted. The main differences between the two organizations are: 1) the Innocence Project is not limited to those who live in New York, and 2) the Innocence Project focuses on DNA testing to clear their clients’ names.
The Innocence Project features over 360 cases on its website that include clients that have been exonerated, as well as clients who have had some of their charges dropped but not all. What is perhaps most disheartening are the sentences these people have had to serve for crimes they did not even commit.
One such client, Christopher Abernathy, ended up serving 28 years in prison. He was convicted in January 1987 for crimes that occurred in October 1984. His alleged crimes included first-degree murder, aggravated criminal sexual assault, and armed robbery, and he was sentenced to life in prison. He was ultimately exonerated after DNA testing cleared his name in February of 2015.
Exonerated Example Involving Post-Conviction DNA Testing
Another example of an exonerated defendant can be found in the case involving Marvin Anderson, the 99th person to be exonerated in the U.S. after post-conviction DNA testing cleared his name. In July 1982, a young woman was raped by a black man. After the woman reported the crime, a police officer determined that Anderson was responsible. This was due to the fact that the perpetrator had told his victim that he “had a white girl.” Anderson was the only black man the officer knew who lived with a white woman, and so the officer figured Anderson must be his guy.
The problem was there was another man who also fit that description: John Otis Lincoln. Lincoln had stolen a bicycle about a half hour prior to the rape, and the bicycle was similar to that which was described by the young woman as having been ridden by her assailant. Anderson asked his attorneys to call both Lincoln and the owner of the bicycle as witnesses. They declined. Anderson was ultimately convicted and sentenced – by an all-white jury – to 210 years in prison.
Six years later, Otis came forward at a state hearing and confessed to the crime. In spite of this, however, the judge – the same one who had presided over Anderson’s trial – refused to overturn Anderson’s conviction. Shortly thereafter, DNA testing was on the rise, and Anderson worked to prove his innocence. However, everyone from his lawyers to the court were told the rape kit had been destroyed.
In 1994, after Anderson had contacted the Innocence Project, his case was accepted. Six years later, Dr. Paul Ferrara, the director of the Virginia Division of Forensic Science, reached out to the Innocence Project. Dr. Ferrara let the organization know that certain evidence had been discovered in a criminalist’s laboratory notebook. If the criminalist had actually done as directed and returned the partially used swabs back in 1982, they would have been destroyed with the rape kit – as would have any chance of Anderson securing his freedom.
The Innocence Project won the right to test the DNA in 2001. They discovered two important things from the results: 1) that the results did not match Anderson’s DNA; and 2) that, while the names of those the DNA did match were kept under wraps, it appears that of the two men it matched, one of them was Lincoln.
Anderson was granted a full pardon in August 2002. By that point, he had already spent 15 years in prison and four years on parole. And he had never stopped fighting to prove his innocence.
Related Legal Terms and Issues
- Conviction – The formal declaration of a defendant as guilty, made either by a jury of his peers or the judge presiding over the case.
- Defendant – A party against whom a lawsuit has been filed in civil court, or who has been accused of, or charged with, a crime or offense.
- Hearing – A proceeding before the court at which an issue of fact or law is heard, evidence presented, and a decision made..
- Probable Cause – Facts and circumstances leading to the belief that an accused person has committed a crime. Probable cause does not arise from a suspicion or a “hunch,” but from observable facts and circumstances.
- Trial – A formal presentation of evidence before a judge and jury for the purpose of determining guilt or innocence in a criminal case, or to make a determination in a civil matter.
What do The Exonerated, Trumbo, The Guys and The Vagina Monologues have in common? All were/are socially relevant plays presented as staged readings, and with an army of celebrities - major and minor - traipsing through the runs.Without staging or memorization, heavily scheduled people such as Rob Lowe and Richard Dreyfus have been able to traipse through the the still going strong run of The Exonerated at random. Though this limits production values, it allows the cast to help pull in audiences as well as a way to keep the show fresh on its toes - a common challenge for open run productions.The most recent spin on this 'name' casting took a more literal route: on the show's first anniversary this past October, one of the people portrayed in the play, Kerry Max Cook, performed himself. From November 17 - 23 this experiment was stepped up with four of the exonerated individuals portrayed playing themselves - Kerry Max Cook, Gary Gauger, Sunny Jacobs and Delbert Tibbs.The afternoon of my attendance, all but Kerry Max Cook were on stage, leaving an even split of actors portraying exonerated individuals and exonerated individuals telling their own story. It was instantly recognizable who was who by on-stage demeanor.
The Exonerated Script Pdf Signer
The show is carefully and dramatically constructed, and therefore fit the movements and intonations of the veteran professional performers with ease. For Gauger, Jacobs and Tibbs, reciting lines about their own lives took warm-up time. Though I found it heart wrenching to hear these people tell their own story, the transition back and forth between the two camps took considerable adjusting.The writers, Jessica Blank and Erik Jensen traveled all around the country to interview many exonerated individuals, judges, prison guards, etc.
They say that the script was created by reconstructing the words of these individuals, and all stories are completely true. Whenever Gauger, Jacobs or Tibbs were reciting lines, I wanted them to stop, to close their scripts and tell me - tell us - what they had told Blank and Jensen, rather than this reconstruction of their story.With the continued cast rotationt, chances are good these exonerated individuals will return to the stage at The Culture Project. Chances are also good that another casting innovation could well be on its way for this show. For a full review of the play, the first cast and the non-changing production details, see Elyse Sommer's review following this box.Cast for Nov 17 - 23, 2003: Kerry Max Cook/ Bill Dawes, Gary Gauger, Erik LaRay Harvey, Sunny Jacobs, Delbert Tibbs, Ed Onipede Blunt, Bruce Kronenberg, Katherine Leask, Larry Block, William Jay Marshall, Curtis McClarin, April Yvette Thompson.- reviewed by, at a November 23rd 2003 matinee.
It's not easy to be a poet and yet I sing. We sing-Dilbert TibbsThe Exonerated is in the tradition of agitprop theater or what journalists refer to as muckraking. Not a bad thing when its message is as smoothly stitched into a human quilt as it is here, with the figures in that quilt brought to life by a committed ensemble of actors.As Moises Kaufman and the members of his Tectonic Project forged The Laramie Project from interviews with the people in the town where Matthew Shepard was killed, Jessica Blank and Erik Jensen have created The Exonerated from interviews they conducted with former death row inmates all over the country. Unlike Laramie, which focuses on a single case, The Exonerated uses the stories of six of its interview subjects to represent not only the forty people with whom they met but the eighty-nine people who were exonerated in the summer of 2000 when they took their tape recorders on the road. Exonerated, by the way, does not mean that you are declared unconditionally innocent that that you've been freed because it turns out that you have not been proven guilty beyond a doubt.While this is an unashamed anti-death penalty polemic, Blank and Jensen are theater people as much as American citizens with a cause. In format, The Exonerated, is, like The Guys, essentially a staged reading. However, with a strong assist from director Bob Balaban, the cross-cutting from one monologist to another and the power of the words (condensed,combined and extrapolated for theatrical impact but using the words from the authors' transcripts) is such that those who come expecting a play and not a lecture won't feel short changed. Like The Guys and other concert style plays, The Exonerated, could, with the right audience response, continue its open run indefinitely, with the cast rotating and kept newsworthy by the addition of other high profile actors like the current production's Jill Clayburgh, Sara Gilbert and Richard Dreyfuss.But don't expect any of these box office draw actors to dominate the stage.
Clayburgh and Dreyfuss powerfully relate two of six gut-wrenching stories so that we have a real picture of each one's personality. The same is true of the other stories and the rest of the ensemble. Gilbert has one of the smallest roles as the woman who marries Kerry Max Cooke (Richard Dreyfuss. After he is released from prison.Clayburgh at first seems too well-groomed and upbeat to be part of these at times gasp inducing experiences. But as we get to know Sunny Jacobs we understand the almost constant smile.
The Exonerated Script Pdf Example
This woman, who along with her common-law husband was sent to death row based on false evidence given by a man who turned out to be a friend from Hell, is one of the most forceful characters on stage. At first incapable of taking in her incarceration - 'I'm a hippie, a vegetarian- how could I kill anyone?' - she survives her incredible twenty-two year ordeal when she determines to have faith because ' I wasn't just a lump of flesh you could put in a cage.'
True to her name, she also goes on with her life as a Yoga teacher and public speaker, determined that her living will serve as a memorial for her lover.Unlike Sunny, Kerry (the Dreyfuss character), and several of the other exonerated have more difficulty dealing with the nightmare memories of their ordeals. As Kerry says, 'They executed me a thousand times and they're still doing it.' The most articulate character, a political radical named Delbert Tibbs, who was falsely accused of rape and murder while hitchhiking across America, is played with distinction by the mellifluous voiced Charles Brown who last excelled in. As already pointed out though, this is an ensemble piece includes besides Sara Gilbert's 'swing' character an African-American ( (April Yvette Thompson) who plays a variety of other supporting parts. There is also a male chorus, the versatile Bruce Kronenberg and Philip Levy, to take on all the bigoted and politically motivated rotten apples in the American justice system.If you're looking for a two-sided, open-minded play about capital punishment, this is not it.
Still, whether you're for or against it, you'll be moved by the potency with which these particular case histories are brought to life. The Exonerated is not easy to watch, but then it's not easy to be locked up and condemned to death for a crime you didn't commit and, as Sunny puts it, have an 'entire chunk from your life removed.' . The cast rotation began within a week of this review, with Peter Gallagher and Amelia Campbell scheduled to move into Richard Dreyfuss's and Sara Gilbert's chairs.LINKS TO OTHER PLAYS MENTIONEDThe ExoneratedBy Jessica Blank and Erik JensenDirected by Bob BalabanCast: Richard Dreyfuss (Kerry Max Cook), Jill Clayburgh (Sunny Jacobs), Sara Gilbert (Sue Gauger, Sandra), Charles Brown (Delbert Tibbs), David Brown Jr. (Robert Earl Hayes), Bruce Kronenberg (Male Ensemble #1), Phil Levy( Male Ensemble #2), Curtis McClarian (David Keaton), Jay O. Sanders (Gary Gauger) April YvetteThompson(Georgia Hayes, Judge, Paula, Prosecutor)Production Design/ Technical Supervisdor: Tom OntiverosCostume Coordinator: Sara J. TosettiOriginal Music and Sound Design: David RobbinsRunning time: 95 minutes without intermission45 Bleecker (corner Lafayette) 212-307-4100Tue - Fri at 8pm; Sat at 5pm, 9pm; Sun at 3pm, 7pm - $55Reviewed by based on performance.
Genre: LawPublisher: DIANE PublishingISBN10: Copyright Year: 1996File Format: PDF, EPUBFile Download: 85Price: FREEDESCRIPTION: The development of DNA technology furthers the search for truth by helping police & prosecutors in the fight against violent crime. Most of the individuals whose stories are told in the report were convicted after jury trials & were sentenced to long prison terms. They successfully challenged their convictions, using DNA tests on existing evidence. They had served, on average, seven years in prison. By highlighting the importance & utility of DNA evidence, this report presents challenges to the scientific & justice communities. A task ahead is to maintain the highest standards for the collection & preservation of DNA evidence.
Genre: Political SciencePublisher: Simon and SchusterISBN10: 420Copyright Year: 2019-09-24File Format: PDF, EPUBFile Download: 365Price: FREEDESCRIPTION: A NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER “Great new book by wonderful and very street smart author Dan Bongino, EXONERATED, THE FAILED TAKEDOWN OF PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP BY THE SWAMP. Dan hits all of the crooked points of the greatest Witch Hunt in political history. Nevertheless, the Scam continues!” —President Donald J. Trump An explosive, whistle-blowing expose, Exonerated: The Failed Takedown of Donald Trump by the Swamp reveals how Deep State actors relied on a cynical plug-and-play template to manufacture the now-discredited Russiagate scandal. With the cutting analysis and insight he exhibited in his blockbuster bestseller Spygate: The Attempted Sabotage of Donald J.
Trump, Fox News contributor Bongino exposes who masterminded the dangerous playbook to take down Trump, their motives, and how a plan filled with faked allegations backfired—forcing investigators to up the ante and hide their missteps and half-truths in a desperate effort to prove a collusion case that never happened. The misguided multimillion Mueller investigation that tore the nation apart, tried to destabilize the presidency and led, as the world now knows, to nowhere! Genre: Literary CriticismPublisher: Gale, Cengage LearningISBN10: 486Copyright Year: 2016File Format: PDF, EPUBFile Download: 23Price: FREEDESCRIPTION: A Study Guide for Jessica Blank's 'The Exonerated,' excerpted from Gale's acclaimed Drama For Students. This concise study guide includes plot summary; character analysis; author biography; study questions; historical context; suggestions for further reading; and much more.
For any literature project, trust Drama For Students for all of your research needs. Genre: Biography & AutobiographyPublisher:ISBN10: Copyright Year: 2014-02-10File Format: PDF, EPUBFile Download: 308Price: FREEDESCRIPTION: The story of a man who stood for something and the woman he loved. Falsely accused of murdering his girlfriend, James Woodard served more than twenty-seven years in prison. In April 2008, James became the seventeenth man exonerated by DNA evidence in Dallas County. The same day he was granted his freedom, James laid eyes on Joyce King, the 'prison wife' he'd fantasized about falling in love with for nearly three decades.
The Exonerated Summary
It was the happiest day of his life. Their mutual attraction was immediate, but a major hurdle complicated their relationship. Joyce was a prominent activist, the first non-lawyer to serve on the board of directors for the Innocence Project of Texas, the nonprofit that helped James win his freedom and ensure justice by working hard to change the compensation law in Texas. EXONERATED vividly details the instant bond James and Joyce shared as soul mates and the challenges that arouse when their disparate worlds collided.
This riveting account serves as a blueprint for how to navigate innocence and avoid the painful lessons they learned about justice, freedom, power, and love. A gripping yet tragic story of how imprisoning an innocent man for twenty-seven years destroys him and traumatizes the woman who loves him. This very personal account of a wrongful incarceration and its victim will deeply touch not only those who fight for justice but also folks who sit on the sideline. Morris Dees, Founder, Southern Poverty Law Center EXONERATED looks at James s life from the unflinching perspective of a woman who witnessed firsthand the lasting damage done when the criminal justice system fails and puts an innocent man behind bars. Texas Senator Rodney Ellis, board member, Innocence Project, New York This is one of the best books I have read regarding criminal justice issues. I would recommend it to anyone interested in knowing more about our system of justice!
-Alex del Carmen, Ph.D., Professor & Director, Liberal and Fine Arts Program, Tarleton State University'. Genre: Political SciencePublisher: Simon and SchusterISBN10: 028Copyright Year: 2006-09-15File Format: PDF, EPUBFile Download: 320Price: FREEDESCRIPTION: A love story. An artistic journey. A matter of life and death. In 2000, Jessica Blank and Erik Jensen embarked on a tour across America - one that would give them a glimpse of the darker side of the justice system and, at the same time, reveal to them just how resilient the human spirit can be. They were a pair of young actors from New York who wanted to learn more about our country's exonerated - men and women who had been sentenced to die for crimes they didn't commit, who spent anywhere from two to twenty-two years on death row, and who were freed amidst overwhelming evidence of their innocence. The result of their journey was The Exonerated, New York Times number one play of 2002, which was embraced by such acting luminaries as Ossie Davis, Richard Dreyfuss, Danny Glover, Tim Robbins, Susan Sarandon, and Robin Williams.
Living Justice is Jessica and Erik's fascinating, behind-the-scenes account of the creation of their play. A tale of artistic expression and political awakening, innocence lost and wisdom won, this is above all a story about two people who fall in love while pursuing their passion and learn - through the stories of the exonerated - what freedom truly means.
Genre: True CrimePublisher: Algonquin BooksISBN10: 104Copyright Year: 2005-10-14File Format: PDF, EPUBFile Download: 304Price: FREEDESCRIPTION: Fans of Serial and Making a Murderer, meet Kirk Bloodsworth, the first death row inmate exonerated by DNA evidence. Charged with the rape and murder of a nine-year-old girl in 1984, Bloodsworth was tried, convicted, and sentenced to die in Maryland's gas chamber. From the beginning, he proclaimed his innocence, but when he was granted a new trial because his prosecutors improperly withheld evidence, the second trial also resulted in conviction. Bloodsworth read every book on criminal law in the prison library and persuaded a new lawyer to petition for the then-innovative DNA testing.
After nine years in one of the harshest prisons in America, Bloodsworth was vindicated by DNA evidence. Intense and hard-hitting, Bloodsworth is the story of a man’s tireless fight against a justice system that failed him. Genre: HistoryPublisher: McSweeney'sISBN10: 919Copyright Year: 2015-10-01File Format: PDF, EPUBFile Download: 489Price: FREEDESCRIPTION: On September 30, 2003, Calvin was declared innocent and set free from Angola State Prison, after serving 22 years for a crime he did not commit.
The Exonerated Play Script
The Exonerated Play Characters
Like many other exonerees, Calvin experienced a new world that was not open to him. Hitting the streets without housing, money, or a change of clothes, exonerees across America are released only to fend for themselves. In the tradition of Studs Terkel's oral histories, this book collects the voices and stories of the exonerees for whom life — inside and out — is forever framed by extraordinary injustice.